"Prefabrication is a process not an aesthetic"

3rd January 2017

Sheppard Robson partner Alan Shingler was asked by Building magazine to share his thoughts on why modern methods of construction does not have to limit architectural ambition or curtail quality. Referencing the practice's recently completed citizenM hotel by the Tower of London, the article has been published on the magazine’s website and can be viewed here or in full below.

Following last year’s Farmer Review, attention has once again focused on using Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) to find solutions for the challenges faced by the construction industry. We have been talking about harnessing the benefits of MMC – particularly to housing – for decades, with little impact made. So, how do we get it right this time around?

Innovation such as this requires balancing brave ideas and efficient delivery. There is a necessity to make new ways of constructing more cost-effective and faster when compared to traditional methods of delivery. Without these savings, MMC won't be a viable, attractive alternative for clients. However, I think the conversation on cost should be balanced with one of architectural quality and ambition.

Prefabrication is a process not an aesthetic; MMC does not have to limit architectural ambition or curtail quality. Often there is an assumption that modular buildings will look repetitive, with the pre-formed elements defining the architectural character of the building.

However, as we have seen with our recently completed citizenM hotel next to the Tower of London, modular construction can be used in even the most sensitive and complex of urban contexts. The pods – that are the building blocks of the structure – are stacked to create a major architectural addition to a remarkable location. The 370-room hotel is located next to a UNESCO World Heritage site and within a conservation area, as well as being adjacent to the historic Roman London Wall. Furthermore, it sits above and shares half its ground floor space with a busy London Underground station, Tower Hill.

Given the historic significance of the location, a facade that was demonstrably made from pods was not an option. Instead, the building’s frame is animated by vertical GRC fins that are intersected by horizontal aluminium projections, the lightness of which acts as a counterpoint to the robustness of the Portland stone used. The result is a building that can sit comfortably within its historic setting, whilst dealing with the technical, infrastructural challenges of the site.

We have worked on other hotel projects in London where it was appropriate for the modular construction to define the architectural character of the building, creating a crisp grid of pods. Our portfolio of hotel projects demonstrates how agile MMC can be and how it has the range to contribute to the architectural character across our cities.

As architects and as an industry, this is a time to keep an open mind about what value MMC can bring. Design ambition – coupled with investment and research in deliverability – could play a major role in dealing with the impending skills shortage in the UK, whilst making sure the quality of our buildings doesn’t suffer.

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